It is important to test the blood in children with suspected epilepsy to ensure that the seizures are not due to other causes such as electrolyte imbalances, infection or genetic causes. Also, when taking certain antiepileptic medications routine blood testing is required.
Please click this link for more information on blood testing.
Some abnormalities affecting the heart can cause seizures so it is important for every child presenting with seizures to have an ECG to rule out such conditions. It is a painless test and involves placing some stickers on the chest for a few minutes.
Please click this link for further information on ECG.
An EEG is similar to an ECG but this time the stickers are placed on the head to record brain activity. It is a painless test and there are many different ways of doing it. Most often it is done in the hospital but it can also be done at home. An EEG can provide a lot of information on what type of epilepsy a child may have.
For further information on EEG please click this link.
To see a video about having an EEG please click this link.
Brain Scans (MRI or CT)
For certain types of epilepsy it is important to have a brain scan to ensure that an abnormality in the structure of the brain is not responsible for the seizures. Usually the scan is an MRI but in emergency situations a CT is performed.
Please find more information on MRI scans by clicking this link.
To see a video about having an MRI please click this link.